Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM) published Crime Statistics, Malaysia, 2021. This publication comprises eight selected crime statistics namely Crime Index, Drugs, Corruptions, Environment, Traffic Offences, Cyber Crime, Maritime Crime and Correctional Facility.
Traffic Offenses and Cyber Crime are new statistics in this year’s publication. The compilation of these statistics is guided by the concepts and guidelines from the International Classification of Crime for Statistical Purpose Version 1.0 published by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The compilation of the crime statistics is based on administrative records obtained from various agencies. The statistics provided can be used to measure social aspects particularly the well-being of the people as well as public safety.
Chief Statistician Malaysia, Dr. Mohd Uzir Mahidin said, “Security governance continues to be strengthened to ensure the country remains peaceful and public order is preserved. This can be seen in 2020, the crime cases decreased 21.4 per cent to 65,623 cases as compared to 83,456 cases in 2019. This crime cases consists of violent crime and property crime. Both crimes showed a decline in 2020. Violent crime recorded a decrease of 19.5 per cent in 2020 to 13,279 cases.”
“Property crime decreased 21.8 per cent to 52,344 cases in the same period. Among the reasons for the decrease in criminal cases were due to restrictions on social activities and cross-district and state borders following the Movement Control Order (MCO) which has restricted the movement of individuals. In addition, stricter enforcement activities by the authorities and public awareness in enhancing protection from the threat of crime.”
Based on the record of violent crime cases by administrative district, it was found that Seremban recorded the highest percentage of decrease in 2020 with 40.6 per cent to 326 cases as compared to 549 cases in the previous year. This was followed by Johor Bahru (-36.7%) and Melaka Tengah (-26.3%). In terms of property crime, Seberang Perai Tengah recorded the highest decrease of 35.8 per cent in 2020 to 982 cases as compared to 1,529 cases in 2019. This was followed by Melaka Tengah (-32.6%) and Kuala Muda (-29.4%).
Dr. Mohd Uzir Mahidin added, “The findings of cyber crime statistics showed that the number of complaints received by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC) in 2020 increased by 99.5 per cent to 20,805 complaints (2019: 10,426). Among the elements of the complaint received are obscene, false, offensive, indecent and menacing. All elements of complaints recorded an increase in 2020. The highest increase in complaints was for false element which was 117.6 per cent (2020: 6,637; 2019: 3,050).”
He went on to say, “Crime prevention efforts continue to be intensified to eradicate drug cases. The number of drug addicts decreased 20.8 per cent to 20,643 persons in 2020 as compared to 26,080 persons in 2019. This can be seen in the number of drug addicts arrested decreasing in most states except Johor, Terengganu, W.P. Kuala Lumpur and Melaka. The highest number of drug addicts arrested in 2020 was recorded in Johor (2,564 persons), followed by Kedah (2,372 persons) and Kelantan (2,271 persons). The number of drug addicts arrested in Johor increased in 2020 however in Kedah and Kelantan decreased in 2020 as compared to 2019.”
In terms of correctional facility aspect, the number of convicted prisoners admission declined 26.1 per cent in 2020 (102,045 persons) as compared to 2019 (138,044 persons). All states recorded a decrease in the number of convicted prisoners admission except Sarawak and Perlis which recorded an increase of 9.2 per cent and 4.9 per cent respectively. Selangor recorded the highest number of convicted prisoners admission at 25,776 persons followed by Johor (12,158 persons) and Perak (8,558 persons). However, the number has decreased as compared to 2019. The composition by ethnicity showed that Bumiputera (69.7%), Indian (11.5%), Chinese (8.4%) and Others (10.4%).
Meanwhile, for traffic offences, it was found that the number of traffic summonses issued by the Royal Malaysian Police (PDRM) in 2020 increased 4.9 per cent to 5.3 million summonses as compared to 2019 (5.0 million summonses). Summons issued by post or placed on a vehicle increased 11.3 per cent to 3.4 million summonses while summons issued directly to a traffic offender recorded a decrease of 5.3 per cent to 1.8 million summonses.
Summarising the overall crime situation in 2020, the majority of those involved in crime are men. The percentage of male drug addicts 95.3 per cent, for corruption offences arrests for male 84.6 per cent, boys involved in crime was 90.5 per cent and the percentage of male convicts was 90.3 per cent.