Home Malaysia Children in Need of Protection Decreased 8.2% in 2020

Children in Need of Protection Decreased 8.2% in 2020

by Gopal Nair
Children Statistics Malaysia 2021

The Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM) published Children Statistics, Malaysia, 2021. Children are one of the focus areas in Twelfth Malaysia Plan (Twelfth Plan), the country’s efforts to achieve the status of a developed country while creating an equitable and caring society.

The annual Children Statistics published by DOSM in tandem with the government’s commitment to improving children’s well-being by focusing on four main areas, namely; demography, health, education and child protection.

The present Children Statistics publication is enhanced with six additional new statistical tables about child protection. Among the new statistics available are child assistance by ethnic, number of children in need of care and protection and number of beyond control children by guardian by state, sex and ethnic.

Chief Statistician of Malaysia, Dr. Mohd Uzir Mahidin said, “Priority continues to be given to ensure the welfare and safety of children is maintained. It was found that the number of children in need of care and protection in 2020 decreased 8.2 per cent to 5,858 persons as compared to 6,382 persons in 2019. However, the number of these children (5,858 persons) is only 0.06 per cent of the total number of children in Malaysia in 2020.

Statistics showed that more girls need care and protection (63.3%) as compared to boys (36.7%). Based on the population estimates 2021, children under the age of 18 is estimated at 9.13 million which is 28.0 per cent of the total population of Malaysia (32.7 million persons). W.P. Putrajaya recorded the highest percentage of children under-18 years at 37.2 per cent. This is followed by Terengganu (35.6%) and Kelantan (34.7%). Meanwhile, Pulau Pinang recorded the lowest percentage at 22.6 per cent. The number of boys (4.71 million) were more than girls (4.42 million).”

The number of children in 2021 decreased by 100.4 thousand to 9.13 million as compared to 9.23 million in 2020. The decrease is significant for the age group 0 to 4 years which is 2.5 per cent (64.5 thousand) due to the decline in the number of live births to 470.2 thousand in 2020 as compared to 488.0 thousand in the previous year.

In strengthening early childhood care and education, the available registered child care centres increased 8.1 per cent to 5,302 child care centres in 2020 as compared to 4,903 child care centres in 2019 to meet the needs of the population.

Selangor remained as having the highest number of child care centres at 1,774 with an increase of 16.1 per cent as compared to 2019. This was followed by W.P. Kuala Lumpur (525 child care centres) and Perak (413 child care centres). In addition, the enrollment transition rate for primary to lower secondary level showed an increase of 0.6 percentage points in 2020 to 89.4 per cent as compared to 88.8 per cent in 2019.

During the same period, the enrollment transition rate for lower secondary to upper secondary level increased by 1.4 percentage points to 97.9 per cent. Meanwhile, the transition rate from upper secondary to post-secondary level decreased significantly at 14.4 percentage points. The decrease was due to student enrollment for June 2020 session being postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic situation.

Commenting further on the publication, Dr. Mohd Uzir Mahidin said, “Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are the core of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development with the theme Leaving No One Behind. This includes child well-being with all countries aiming to reduce under-5 mortality to at least as low as 25 per 1,000 live births. Malaysia has achieved this target since 1984. Under-5 mortality rate in 2020 decreased to 6.9 per 1,000 live births as compared to 7.7 in 2019.”

Efforts to improve health aspects among children are continued through immunisation programmes, namely Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG), Poliomyelitis (Polio), Diphtheria, Tetanus & Pertussis (DTP), Haemophilus Influenzae type B (HIB) and Hepatitis B. Immunisation for infants has exceeded the national immunisation coverage target of 95.0 per cent.

You may also like

Leave a Comment